Nov 8, 2019

Shared anomalies in cortical reading networks in Chinese and French dyslexic children

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Xiaoxia FengGhislaine Dehaene-Lambertz

Abstract

To determine whether the neural anomalies underlying developmental dyslexia are universal across languages or influenced by the writing system, we tested 10-year-old Chinese and French children, with or without dyslexia, in a cross-cultural fMRI paradigm. We compared their brain responses to words written in their known script, faces and houses while they were asked to detect a rarely presented star. We observed that impaired reading scores were correlated with a decreased activation to words in several key regions of the reading circuit, including left fusiform gyrus, superior temporal gyrus/sulcus, precentral and middle frontal gyrus. In ROIs previously reported as sensitive to dyslexia, we observed main effects of dyslexia common to Chinese and French readers, without interaction with the children's native language, suggesting a cross-cultural invariance in the neural anomalies underlying dyslexia. Multivariate pattern analyses further confirmed that dyslexics exhibit a reduced activation to written words in the left fusiform gyrus and left posterior superior temporal gyrus, and not merely a greater inter-individual variability. The impairments in these regions may reflect the causes as well as the consequences of orthograph...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Temporal Lobe Gyrus
Brain
Developmental Reading Disorder
Left Fusiform Gyrus
FMRI
French Race
Analysis
Cerebral Cortex
Left Posterior

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