May 1, 2007

Shock outcome is related to prior rhythm and duration of ventricular fibrillation

Resuscitation
Joar EilevstjønnKjetil Sunde

Abstract

Several different ventricular fibrillation (VF) analysis features based on ECG have been reported for shock outcome prediction. In this study we investigated the influence of the time from VF onset to shock delivery (VF duration) and the rhythm before onset of VF, on the probability of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). We also analysed how these factors relate to the VF analysis feature median slope. ECG recordings from 221 cardiac arrest patients from previously published prospective studies on the quality of CPR were used. VF duration and prior rhythm were determined when VF occurred during the episode. Median slope before each shock was calculated. The median VF duration was shorter in shocks producing ROSC, 24 seconds (s) versus 70s (P<0.001). VF duration shorter than 30s resulted in 27% ROSC versus 10% for those longer than 30s (OR=3.5 [95% CI: 2.2-5.4]). The prior rhythm influenced the probability of ROSC, with perfusing rhythm being superior, followed by PEA, asystole, and "poor" PEA (broad complexes and/or irregular/very slow rate), respectively. The probability of ROSC corresponded well with the average median slope value for each group, but the correlation between median slope and VF duration was very poor (r2...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Ventricular Fibrillation
Complex (molecular entity)
Spearman Correlation Test
Myocardium
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Shock
Anterior Thoracic Region
Chest
Electroversion Therapy

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