May 26, 2020

Short-term neurophysiological effects of sensory pathway neurorehabilitation strategies on chronic poststroke oropharyngeal dysphagia

Neurogastroenterology and Motility : the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Christopher CabibOmar Ortega

Abstract

Neurorehabilitation strategies for chronic poststroke (PS) oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) have been mainly focused on the neurostimulation of the pharyngeal motor cortex with only marginal effects. In contrast, treatments targeting the PS oropharyngeal sensory pathway dysfunction offer very promising results, but there is little knowledge on the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to explore the neurophysiological mechanisms behind the effect of three sensory neurostimulation strategies. We carried out a randomized two-blinded parallel group's crossover sham-controlled clinical trial in 36 patients with unilateral stroke and chronic unsafe swallow to investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the primary sensory cortex (A), oral capsaicin (B) and intra-pharyngeal electrical stimulation (IPES; C). The effect was evaluated immediately after the interventions with videofluoroscopy (VFS) and motor/sensory evoked potentials (MEP/SEP). Interventions induced no changes in the biomechanics of the swallow response during VFS. However, an enhancement of motor cortex excitability (latency shortening and increased size of thenar MEP) was found with active interventions (A + B + C, and B/C alone; P < .05 for ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Sensory Deficit
Blinded Clinical Study
Pharyngitis
Peripheral
Neurological System Process
Neurostimulation Procedure
CTSL1 gene
Capsaicin
Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Unilateral

Related Feeds

Biomechanics

Biomechanics examines the generation of internal forces within the body and investigates the effects and control of forces that act on or are produced on tissues. Here are the latest discoveries.

Barrel cortex

Here is the latest research on barrel cortex, a region of somatosensory and motor corticies in the brain, which are used by animals that rely on whiskers for world exploration.