Short-term reproducibility of cardiopulmonary measurements during exercise testing in patients with severe chronic heart failure

American Heart Journal
K MeyerH Roskamm

Abstract

Eleven men with severe chronic heart failure (peak cardiac index 4.0 +/- 0.2 L/m2/min), six on a heart transplantation waiting list, were prospectively assessed. To determine reproducibility of cardiopulmonary and hemodynamic variables for clinical purposes during ramp bicycle ergometry, the patients underwent two ramp bicycle ergometer tests (3 minutes unloaded, work rate increments of 12.5 W/min) with a 1-week interval between tests. Oxygen uptake (VO2) carbon dioxide production (VCO2), and ventilation were measured breath by breath, and calculations were performed to determine gas exchange ratio, oxygen pulse, ventilatory equivalents of oxygen and carbon dioxide, and end-tidal partial pressure for oxygen and carbon dioxide. Additionally, heart rate, blood pressure, and lactate levels were assessed. Measurements were performed at submaximum work rate levels of 25 W, 50 W, and 75 W at ventilatory threshold and at peak work rate. At all measurement points, the coefficient of variation for cardiopulmonary variables was between 1.4% and 7.1% for submaximum work rate levels, between 1.2% and 4.4% at ventilatory threshold, and between 2.4% and 7.1% at peak work rate. For heart rate, blood pressure, and lactate levels, coefficient o...Continue Reading

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