PMID: 7086408Jul 1, 1982Paper

Sidedness of phospholipid synthesis on brain membranes

Journal of Neurochemistry
M Butler, P Morell


We have investigated the localization of the site of incorporation and the subsequent equilibration of newly synthesized phospholipids in brain membranes. Rats were injected intracranially with [3H]glycerol; the animals were killed at varying times afterwards, and microsomal fractions were isolated from the brains. In some cases, microsomes were subfractionated on sucrose gradients. Initially, most of the radioactive phosphatidylethanolamine appeared in a pool that reacted with the impermeable reagent trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). This probe presumably modified only the lipid on the outer face of microsomal vesicles (which may, in large part, consist of pinched-off endoplasmic reticulum). At 5 min after injection, the specific radioactivity of the TNBS-modified phosphatidylethanolamine (cytoplasmic face) was four times that of the unmodified (luminal or inner face) phosphatidylethanolamine. With time, the ratio of the specific activities in the modified and unmodified pools of phosphatidylethanolamine approached 1.0, with kinetics that suggested a half-time on the order of 30 min for in vivo conversion of the TNBS-accessible to the -inaccessible pool. This equilibration in specific activities could be the result of eith...Continue Reading


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