Dec 8, 2009

Signatures of recent directional selection under different models of population expansion during colonization of new selective environments

Genetics
Yuseob Kim, Davorka Gulisija

Abstract

A major problem in population genetics is understanding how the genomic pattern of polymorphism is shaped by natural selection and the demographic history of populations. Complex population dynamics confounds patterns of variation and poses serious challenges for identifying genomic imprints of selection. We examine patterns of polymorphism using computer simulations and provide analytical predictions for hitchhiking effects under two models of adaptive niche expansion. The population split (PS) model assumes the separation of a founding population followed by directional selection in the new environment. Here, the new population undergoes a bottleneck and later expands in size. This model has been used in previous studies to account for demographic effects when testing for signatures of selection under colonization or domestication. The genotype-dependent colonization and introgression (GDCI) model is proposed in this study and assumes that a small number of migrants carrying adaptive genotype found a new population, which then grows logistically. The GDCI model also allows for constant migration between the parental and the new population. Both models predict reduction in variation and excess of high frequency of derived alle...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

In Silico
Genome
Genetics, Population
Sample Fixation
Genomics
Alleles
Genetic Polymorphism
Impacts, Environmental
Genotype Determination
Mutation Abnormality

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