Sep 1, 1976

Significance of the extracellular bicarbonate buffer system to anaerobic glycolysis in hypoxic muscle

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
H Gesser


1. The influence of the carbon dioxide-bicarbonate buffer system on anaerobic energy production during severe hypoxia was studied in isolated right hemidiaphragms of rats.--2. When the tissue was incubated in a Ringer solution containing 25 mM HCO-3 aerated with 7% CO2 in N2 at pH 7.4, the lactate production and lactate content of the tissue increased.--3. At an extracellular (tissue bath) pH OF 6.9 the lactate production was stimulated when carbon dioxide and bicarbonate were changed to 19% and 25 mM, respectively. This stimulatory effect disappeared when these values were lowered to 7% and 7 mM.--4. At pH 7.4 the stimulatory effect of the carbon dioxide-bicarbonate system persisted when the buffer value was lowered from 60 to 3 mM by changing the system from an open (i.e. continuous gas equilibration) to a closed one (i.e. without any gas phase). Decreasing the glucose in the media from 22 to 0 mM reduced the lactate production and abolished the stimulatory effect of the carbon dioxide--bicarbonate system.--5. There was no direct effect of this system on the glycolytic enzymes (i.e. lactate production and activity of phosphofructokinase of homogenates).

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ringer's solution
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Carbonic Acid Ions
Lactic Acid Measurement

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