Significant QT interval prolongation and long QT in young adult ex-preterm newborns with extremely low birth weight

The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
Pier Paolo BassareoGiuseppe Mercuro

Abstract

The survival rate for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants born preterm is on an increasing upward trend, despite the possibility of neuro-cerebral consequences in later life. To date, scarce information is available on the effect of extreme prematurity on cardiovascular system. To verify the presence of standard echocardiographic and ECG alterations in ex-ELBW young healthy adults. A color Doppler echocardiogram and an ECG were performed on 24 ex-ELBW (4 males and 20 females; mean: 23.2 ± 3.3 years), compared with 24 healthy subjects born at term (C). ECG parameters examined: PR, QT, QT(c), and QT dispersion (QT(d)). Gestational age, birth weight, and duration of stay in neonatal intensive care unit were obtained from clinical records. Transthoracic echocardiography did not reveal differences between ex-ELBW and C, while a significant difference was displayed by ex-ELBW with regard to PR (141.5 ± 13.4 ms vs. 164.2 ± 24.0 ms, p < 0.0003), QT(c) (417.0 ± 23.6 ms vs. 369.9 ± 19.5 ms, p =0.00001), and QT(d) (30.4 ± 14.1 ms vs. 24.6 ± 8.2 ms, p < 0.00001). In two patients (8.3%), QT(c) exceeded the upper limit of normal range. A statistically significant inverse correlation was observed between QT(c) and gestational age (r = -...Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 27, 2013·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·Pier Paolo BassareoGiuseppe Mercuro
Oct 8, 2013·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·Pier Paolo BassareoGiuseppe Mercuro
Dec 17, 2014·Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease·M BerryI Wright
Feb 22, 2012·European Journal of Preventive Cardiology·Giuseppe MercuroMarco Matteo Ciccone
Dec 5, 2013·Journal of Molecular Endocrinology·Eva A Rog-ZielinskaKaren E Chapman
Jan 1, 2015·Global Pediatric Health·Karen J MathewsonLouis A Schmidt
Aug 2, 2017·BioMed Research International·Roberta PintusVassilios Fanos
Apr 17, 2020·Pediatric Research·Pier Paolo BassareoGiuseppe Mercuro

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