SIMBOL DAN HIERARKI PENUTUR AUSTRONESIA PADA BUDAYA MEGALITIK PASEMAH, SUMATERA SELATAN

Rr Triwurjani

Abstract

Interaksi budaya asli Indonesia dan penutur Austronesia di Sumatera Selatan, banyak menghasilkan objek-objek batu yang dibentuk sedemikian rupa yang dikenal sebagai budaya megalitik Pasemah. Bentuk dari peninggalan budaya tersebut antara lain berupa arca, bilik batu, dolmen, menhir, tetralith lukisan kubur batu, dsb. Bentuk dan keletakan objek megalitik tersebut adalah cerminan dari kehidupan sosial masyarakat pada waktu itu. Sebagai suatu simbol, tentu saja objek dan tata letak mempunyai arti atau makna. Makna tersebut dapat ditelusuri antara lain melalui metode semiotik yang mengetengahkan denotasi dan konotasi. Hasil analisis membuktikan bahwa bentuk-bentuk simbol tersebut merupakan hasil interaksi atau percampuran dari budaya asli Indonesia dan penutur austronesia yang datang dari luar. Simbol-simbol tersebut merupakan cerminan adanya hierarki pada kehidupan sosial budaya megalitik Pasemah seperti pimpinan, bangsawan, masyarakat biasa, dan budak.

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