Similarity-based fusion of MEG and fMRI reveals spatio-temporal dynamics in human cortex during visual object recognition

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Radoslaw Martin CichyAude Oliva

Abstract

Every human cognitive function, such as visual object recognition, is realized in a complex spatio-temporal activity pattern in the brain. Current brain imaging techniques in isolation cannot resolve the brain's spatio-temporal dynamics because they provide either high spatial or temporal resolution but not both. To overcome this limitation, we developed a new integration approach that uses representational similarities to combine measurements from different imaging modalities - magnetoencephalography (MEG) and functional MRI (fMRI) - to yield a spatially and temporally integrated characterization of neuronal activation. Applying this approach to two independent MEG-fMRI data sets, we observed that neural activity first emerged in the occipital pole at 50-80ms, before spreading rapidly and progressively in the anterior direction along the ventral and dorsal visual streams. These results provide a novel and comprehensive, spatio-temporally resolved view of the rapid neural dynamics during the first few hundred milliseconds of object vision. They further demonstrate the feasibility of spatially unbiased representational similarity based fusion of MEG and fMRI, promising new insights into how the brain computes complex cognitive f...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Brain
Cerebral Cortex
Cognition
Diagnostic Imaging
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Magnetoencephalography
Neuronitis
Spatial Distribution
Vision
Imaging of Brain

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