PMID: 6423271Apr 1, 1984Paper

Similarity between trans fat and saturated fat in the modification of rat mammary carcinogenesis

Cancer Research
S L SelenskasC Ip


Commercial hydrogenation of vegetable oils results in the introduction of trans fatty acids. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of feeding a fat which contained approximately 38% trans isomers (designated trans fat) on the induction of mammary tumors by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene in rats. The corresponding control fat (designated cis fat), which had a similar fatty acid composition, consisted of only cis isomers. Since both the trans and cis fats were rather saturated, a comparison was also made between these 2 types of fat and corn oil, which contains about 60% linoleic acid (C18:2). Each fat was present in the diet at 2 levels, 5 and 20% by weight. Although rats fed the 20% trans fat or cis fat diets had a slightly higher tumor incidence and yield than did those on the corresponding 5% fat control diets, the difference was not statistically significant. In contrast, rats fed the 20% corn oil diet developed a much greater number of tumors than did rats fed a diet containing only 5% corn oil. Further analysis of the data showed that diets containing either trans fat or cis fat were much less effective than were the corn oil diets in promoting the development of mammary neoplasia at either the 5 or 20% level. O...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Saturated Fat
Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental
August Rats
Molecular Stereochemistry

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