Dec 10, 1975

Simple differential Giemsa staining of sister chromatids after treatment with photosensitive dyes and exposure to light and the mechanism of staining

Chromosoma
K GotoT Sugiyama

Abstract

The essential steps of the 33258 Hoechst-Giemsa method for differential chromatid staining consist of (1) 33258 Hoechst treatment, (2) exposure to light, and (3) Giemsa staining. The staining was shown to be a function of the concentration of 33258 Hoechst and the light exposure. The dye was successfully replaced by various metachromatic dyes such as thionine. Two simple methods are proposed. Failure of the pale stained chromatids to restore Giemsa affinity with urea and trypsin and the diminished Feulgen reaction after light exposure suggest that not masking proteins but photolysis of the BrdU-incorporation chromatid components in the present of photosensitive dyes play a role in the differential staining.

Mentioned in this Paper

Thionine
Leukodystrophy, Metachromatic
Giemsa Stain Method
Sunlight
Trypsin
Light
Chromatids
Urea Measurement
Staining and Labeling
Fluorochromes

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