DOI: 10.1101/481275Nov 29, 2018Paper

Simulation of Karyotype Evolution and Biodiversity in Asexual and Sexual Reproduction

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Andrew YingHenry H Q Heng

Abstract

Whether sexual reproduction increases biodiversity remains controversial. Traditionally, sex within a species has been thought to increase genetic diversity, inferring an acceleration of macro-evolution, promoting biodiversity. Recently, it was suggested that the main function of sex is to maintain genome integrity, rather than increase genetic diversity or purify deleterious genes within populations, as the karyotype encodes/safeguards the genomic blueprint. As such, the contribution of sex to biodiversity needs to be re-examined. Since many simulation studies focus only on gene level selection, it is important to investigate how sexual and asexual reproduction differentially impact patterns of genome-level evolution and biodiversity. Based on the key difference between sexual and asexual reproduction, that sexual individuals are required to mate with a partner of the same genome for successful reproduction, we have performed a simulation to illustrate how such differences impact genome-mediated biodiversity. Asexual populations displayed high genome-level diversity whereas sexual populations evidenced low genome-level diversity. Further analysis demonstrated that the requirement of finding a partner possessing a compatible ge...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Evolution
Genes
Genome
Reproduction
Reproduction, Asexual
XYY Karyotype
Isolation Aspects
Patterns
Asexual
Simulation

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