DOI: 10.1101/518423Jan 11, 2019Paper

Simulation of the mechanics of actin assembly during endocytosis in yeast

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Masoud NickaeenBoris M. Slepchenko

Abstract

We formulated a spatially resolved model to estimate forces exerted by a polymerizing actin meshwork on an invagination of the plasma membrane during endocytosis in yeast cells. The model is a continuous approximation tightly constrained by experimental data. Simulations of the model produce forces that can overcome resistance of turgor pressure in yeast cells. Strong forces emerge due to the high density of polymerized actin in the vicinity of the invagination and because of entanglement of the meshwork due to its dendritic structure and crosslinking. The model predicts forces orthogonal to the invagination that would result in a flask shape that diminishes the net force due to turgor pressure. Simulations of the model with either two rings of nucleation promoting factors as in fission yeast or a single ring of nucleation promoting factors as in budding yeast produce enough force to elongate the invagination against the turgor pressure.

Related Concepts

Actins
Plasma Membrane
Dendrites
Endocytosis
Yeasts
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Inversion of Diverticulum of Stomach
Shapes
Molecular Assembly/Self Assembly
Resistance Process

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