Apr 1, 1976

Simultaneous comparison of delta 5-3beta-hydroxysteroid levels in the fetoplacental circulation of normal pregnancy in labor and not in labor

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
R J ChangJ R Marshall


Concentrations of pregnenolone (delta5P), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), 16alpha-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone (16alpha-OH DHEA), pregnenolone sulfate (delta5P-S), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) were measured simultaneously by radioimmunoassay in individual, paired umbilical artery (UA) and vein (UV) sera from 18 normal term pregnancies, 6 in labor, 12 not in labor. Mean UA and UV levels +/- SEM (ng/ml) were for delta5P: 30.39 +/- 1.69, 35.55 +/- 3.06; DHEA: 12.31 +/- 2.34, 3.66 +/- 0.38; 16alpha-OH DHEA: 7.48 +/- 0.63, 10.59 +/- 0.78; delta5P-S: 1,652 +/- 154, 1,486 +/- 130; DHEA-S: 2,122 +/- 134, +/- 134, 1,906 +/- 134. Umbilical artery delta5P-S, DHEA-S, and DHEA levels were significantly higher than UV levels, whereas the reverse was true for delta5P and 16alpha-OH DHEA. The inverse arterio-venous (A-V) gradient for 16alpha-OH DHEA was contrary to previous published reports using pooled samples. Comparison by linear regression of paired UA and UV steroid concentrations of delta5P, delta5P-S, DHEA, and DHEA-S revealed a significant correlation (P less than 0.01) for each steroid. Labor was associated with a significant increase in UA levels of DHEA-S and a smaller, but not quite significant, increase in UA level...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Labor (Childbirth)
Prasterone, 3 alpha-Isomer
Umbilical Cord Blood
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Structure of Umbilical Artery
Umbilical Vein

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