PMID: 12576054Feb 11, 2003

Simultaneous determination of methionine sulfoxide and methionine in blood plasma using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Analytical Biochemistry
Ryuichi MashimaYorihiro Yamamoto


Methionine sulfoxide is an oxidation product of methionine with reactive oxygen species via 2-electron-dependent mechanism. Such oxidants can be generated from activated neutrophils; therefore, methionine sulfoxide can be regarded as a biomarker of oxidative stress in vivo. We describe here a method for the simultaneous determination of methionine sulfoxide and methionine in blood plasma using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with isotopically labeled compounds as internal standards. This method comprises the inclusion of [Me-13C, Me-2H(3)]methionine sulfoxide and [Me-13C, Me-2H(3)]methionine into plasma, the removal of plasma proteins using acetonitrile, the purification of amino acids with cation-exchange chromatography, and the derivatization of methionine sulfoxide and methionine to their corresponding tert-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives using N-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide. Quantitation was performed by electron impact mode. The levels of methionine sulfoxide in healthy human blood plasma were 4.0 +/- 1.0 microM (means +/- SD, n = 8), indicating that approximately 10% of methionine is detected as the oxidized form in healthy human plasma. The ratio of methionine sulfoxide in total methionine inc...Continue Reading


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