Aug 28, 2015

Simultaneously inferring T cell fate and clonality from single cell transcriptomes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Michael J T StubbingtonSarah A Teichmann

Abstract

The heterodimeric T cell receptor (TCR) comprises two protein chains that pair to determine the antigen specificity of each T lymphocyte. The enormous sequence diversity within TCR repertoires allows specific TCR sequences to be used as lineage markers for T cells that derive from a common progenitor. We have developed a computational method, called TraCeR, to reconstruct full­length, paired TCR sequences from T lymphocyte single­cell RNA­seq by combining existing assembly and alignment programs with a “synthetic genome” library comprising all possible TCR sequences. We validate this method with PCR to quantify its accuracy and sensitivity, and compare to other TCR sequencing methods. Our inferred TCR sequences reveal clonal relationships between T cells, which we put into the context of each cell’s functional state from the complete transcriptional landscape quantified from the remaining RNA­seq data. This provides a powerful tool to link T cell specificity with functional response in a variety of normal and pathological conditions. We demonstrate this by determining the distribution of members of expanded T cell clonotypes in response to Salmonella​ infection in the mouse. We show that members of the same clonotype span early...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
T-Lymphocyte
Genome
Salmonella enterica
Transcription, Genetic
Salmonella
Clone
Sequencing
T-Cell Specificity
Antigens

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