Jan 22, 2003

Single administration of interleukin-1 increased corticotropin releasing hormone and corticotropin releasing hormone-receptor mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus which paralleled long-lasting (weeks) sensitization to emotional stressors

Neuroscience
E D SchmidtF J Tilders

Abstract

Single exposure to the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 induces sensitization of the adrenocorticotropin hormone and corticosterone responses to stressors weeks later (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal sensitization). Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal responses are controlled by corticotropin-releasing hormone and arginine-vasopressin secreted from parvocellular corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and may involve autoexcitatory feedback mechanisms. Therefore, we studied the temporal relationship between resting levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone, corticotropin-releasing hormone-R1 and arginine-vasopressin receptor (V1a, V1b) mRNAs in the paraventricular nucleus and the development of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal sensitization to an emotional stressor (novelty). The adrenocorticotropin hormone precursor molecule proopiomelanocortin hnRNA in the pituitary gland served as an index for acute activation. Single administration of interleukin-1 induced sensitization of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal to novelty from 3 to 22 days later, but not after 42 days. Single administration of interleukin-1 induced biphasic increases in corticotropin-releasing hormone and corticotropin-...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Corticosterone Assay
Corticotropin Releasing Hormone Measurement
Entire Paraventricular Nucleus
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Structure of Paraventricular Nucleus
Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Acclimatization
Interleukin-1
Antidiuretic Hormone Measurement
Neurons

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