DOI: 10.1101/492199Dec 11, 2018Paper

Single cell DNA sequencing reveals distinct molecular types of basal cell carcinoma with unique transcriptome features

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Bjorn BakkerFloris Foijer

Abstract

Background: Aneuploidy, a hallmark of cancer, is the result of chromosomal instability (CIN) during mitosis. While some aneuploid cancers display stable karyotypes, other tumours display cell-to-cell karyotype variability indicative of CIN. CIN cancers are typically associated with poor clinical outcome, as they are endowed with the potential to adjust their genomes to changing conditions including therapy. To further explore this, we assessed the degree of aneuploidy and CIN in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and investigated whether the karyotypic makeup of tumours was associated with distinct transcriptional responses. Patients and Methods: Samples from 11 BCC patients were processed for single-cell whole genome sequencing (scWGS) to measure aneuploidy and karyotype heterogeneity. In parallel, samples were processed for transcriptome analysis. Results: scWGS revealed different grades of aneuploidy between BCCs, ranging from euploidy to tumours with up to 7 aneusomic chromosomes. Importantly, a subset of BCCs displayed intratumour karyotype heterogeneity, indicating that CIN can play a role in BCC. Samples were clustered into three groups based on the level of aneuploidy and intratumour karyotype heterogeneity. Karyotype-driven gr...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aneuploidy
Malignant Neoplasms
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Chromosomes
Classification
DNA
Gene Expression
Genome
Metabolism
Mitosis

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