DOI: 10.1101/451807Oct 24, 2018Paper

Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals novel cell differentiation dynamics during human airway epithelium regeneration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sandra Ruiz GarciaLaure-Emmanuelle Zaragosi

Abstract

Background: It is usually considered that the upper airway epithelium is composed of multiciliated, goblet, secretory and basal cells, which collectively constitute an efficient first line of defense against inhalation of noxious substances. Upon injury, regeneration of this epithelium through proliferation and differentiation can restore a proper mucociliary function. However, in chronic airway diseases, the injured epithelium frequently displays defective repair leading to tissue remodeling, characterized by a loss of multiciliated cells and mucus hyper-secretion. Delineating drivers of differentiation dynamics and cell fate in the human airway epithelium is important to preserve homeostasis. Results: We have used single cell transcriptomics to characterize the sequence of cellular and molecular processes taking place during human airway epithelium regeneration. We have characterized airway subpopulations with high resolution and lineage inference algorithms have unraveled cell trajectories from basal to luminal cells, providing markers for specific cell populations, such as deuterosomal cells, i.e. precursors of multiciliated cells. We report that goblet cells, like secretory cells, can act as precursors of multiciliated cel...Continue Reading

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