Nov 1, 1986

Single channel and 45Ca2+ flux measurements of the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium channel

Biophysical Journal
E RousseauGerhard Meissner

Abstract

Purified canine cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were passively loaded with 45CaCl2 and assayed for Ca2+ releasing activity according to a rapid quench protocol. Ca2+ release from a subpopulation of vesicles was found to be activated by micromolar Ca2+ and millimolar adenine nucleotides, and inhibited by millimolar Mg2+ and micromolar ruthenium red. 45Ca2+ release in the presence of 10 microM free Ca2+ gave a half-time for efflux of 20 ms. Addition of 5 mM ATP to 10 microM free Ca2+ increased efflux twofold (t1/2 = 10 ms). A high-conductance calcium-conducting channel was incorporated into planar lipid bilayers from the purified cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum fractions. The channel displayed a unitary conductance of 75 +/- 3 pS in 53 mM trans Ca2+ and was selective for Ca2+ vs. Tris+ by a ratio of 8.74. The channel was dependent on cis Ca2+ for activity and was also stimulated by millimolar ATP. Micromolar ruthenium red and millimolar Mg2+ were inhibitory, and reduced open probability in single-channel recordings. These studies suggest that cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum contains a high-conductance Ca2+ channel that releases Ca2+ with rates significant to excitation-contraction coupling.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium Radioisotopes
CA2 gene
Calcium [EPC]
Calcium
Resting Potentials
Contraction (Finding)
Ion Channel
Vesicle
Body Surface Area Formula for Dogs
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum

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