May 14, 2005

Single, rapid coastal settlement of Asia revealed by analysis of complete mitochondrial genomes

Science
Vincent MacaulayMartin B Richards

Abstract

A recent dispersal of modern humans out of Africa is now widely accepted, but the routes taken across Eurasia are still disputed. We show that mitochondrial DNA variation in isolated "relict" populations in southeast Asia supports the view that there was only a single dispersal from Africa, most likely via a southern coastal route, through India and onward into southeast Asia and Australasia. There was an early offshoot, leading ultimately to the settlement of the Near East and Europe, but the main dispersal from India to Australia approximately 65,000 years ago was rapid, most likely taking only a few thousand years.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Founder Effect
DNA, Mitochondrial
Labor Migration
History, Ancient
Genetics, Population
Phylogeny
Mitochondria
Evolution, Neutral
Mitochondrial DNA Location
Genome, Human

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