SIRT2 is primarily a cytoplasmic protein deacetylase and is abundantly expressed in metabolically active tissues like adipocytes and brain. However, its role, if any, in regulating insulin signaling in skeletal muscle cells, is not known. We have examined the role of SIRT2 in insulin-mediated glucose disposal in normal and insulin resistant C2C12 skeletal muscle cells in vitro. SIRT2 was over expressed in insulin resistant skeletal muscle cells. Pharmacological inhibition of SIRT2 increased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and improved phosphorylation of Akt and GSK3β in insulin resistant cells. Knockdown of endogenous SIRT2 and over expression of catalytically-inactive SIRT2 mutant under insulin-resistant condition showed similar amelioration of insulin sensitivity. Our results suggest that down-regulation of SIRT2 improved insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle cells under insulin-resistant condition. Previously it has been reported that down-regulation of SIRT1 and SIRT3 in C2C12 cells results in impairment of insulin signaling and induces insulin resistance. However, we have observed an altogether different role of SIRT2 in skeletal muscle. This implicates a differential regulation of insulin resistance by sirtuins which o...Continue Reading
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