Oct 18, 2018

Sirtuin 1-mediated deacetylation of XPA DNA repair protein enhances its interaction with ATR protein and promotes cAMP-induced DNA repair of UV damage

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Stuart G JarrettJohn A D'Orazio

Abstract

Blunted melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) signaling promotes melanocyte genomic instability in part by attenuating cAMP-mediated DNA repair responses, particularly nucleotide excision repair (NER), which recognizes and clears mutagenic photodamage. cAMP-enhanced NER is mediated by interactions between the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) and xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A (XPA) proteins. We now report a critical role for sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in regulating ATR-mediated phosphorylation of XPA. SIRT1 deacetylates XPA at residues Lys-63, Lys-67, and Lys-215 to promote interactions with ATR. Mutant XPA containing acetylation mimetics at residues Lys-63, Lys-67, and Lys-215 exhibit blunted UV-dependent ATR-XPA interactions even in the presence of cAMP signals. ATR-mediated phosphorylation of XPA on Ser-196 enhances cAMP-mediated optimization of NER and is promoted by SIRT1-mediated deacetylation of XPA on Lys-63, Lys-67, and Lys-215. Interference with ATR-mediated XPA phosphorylation at Ser-196 by persistent acetylation of XPA at Lys-63, Lys-67, and Lys-215 delays repair of UV-induced DNA damage and attenuates cAMP-enhanced NER. Our study identifies a regulatory ATR-SIRT1-XPA axis in cAMP-mediated regulat...Continue Reading

  • References61
  • Citations2

Mentioned in this Paper

DNA repair protein
Study
SIRT1 protein, human
XPA protein, human
SIRT1
Melanocyte
XPA gene
MC1R Protein
DNA Repair
Post-Translational Protein Processing

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