Sep 29, 2019

Sirtuin4 suppresses the anti-neuroinflammatory activity of infiltrating regulatory T cells in the traumatically injured spinal cord

Immunology
Wenping LinLiqun Zhang

Abstract

The neuroinflammation following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a critical process that impacts both the injury and the recovery of spinal cord parenchyma. Infiltrating regulatory T (Treg) cells are potent anti-inflammatory cells that restrain post-SCI neuroinflammation. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the activity of infiltrating Treg cells, we used a mouse spinal cord compression injury model to analyze the role of Sirtuins (SIRTs) in the modulation of infiltrating Treg cell functions. We found that the expressions of SIRT4 and SIRT6 were up-regulated in infiltrating Treg cells. Using lentivirus-mediated gene expression or RNA interference, we revealed that SIRT4 substantially inhibited the expression of Foxp3, interleukin-10, and transforming growth factor-β in Treg cells, whereas SIRT6 had little effect on Treg cells. Consistently, SIRT4 overexpression weakened the suppressive effect of Treg cells on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated spinal cord CD11b+ myeloid cells. Knock-down of SIRT4 enhanced the anti-inflammatory activity of infiltrating Treg cells in the parenchyma of injured spinal cords. Additionally, SIRT4 overexpression blocked in vitro Treg cell generation from conventional T cells. Furthermore...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Transforming Growth Factor beta
Research
T-Lymphocyte
SIRT4 gene
SIRT4
Parenchyma
Gene Knockdown Techniques
TGFA protein, human
SIRT4 protein, human
SIRT6 gene

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