Site-specific 13C-labeling of Trp 62 in hen egg-white lysozyme: preparation and 13C-NMR titration of [delta 1-13C]Trp 62-lysozyme

Journal of Biochemistry
T Nakazawa, F Sakiyama

Abstract

The indole C-2(delta 1) carbon of Trp 62 in hen egg-white lysozyme was selectively labeled with 13C through a series of reactions involving N'-formylkynurenine 62-lysozyme with K13CN, NaBH4-reduction, and acid-catalyzed dehydration. [delta 1-13C]Trp 62-lysozyme in which Trp 62 is labeled with 90% 13C has the same chemical and enzymatic properties as the native protein. The reverted lysozyme gave a single 13C-NMR signal at 125 ppm. pH-titration of the 13C signal indicated a transition at pH 3.9 for the free enzyme. In the presence of (GlcNAc)3, the resonance signals were shifted 0.5-1 ppm upfield, and the transitions in the titration curve were observed at pH 3.9 and 6.5. Asp 52 and Glu 35 were assigned to the groups with pKas of 3.9 and 6.5, respectively. In [2-13C]AHT 62-lysozyme, which has 3-(2-amino-3-hydroxy-3H-[2-13C]indol-3-yl)alanine (AHT) at position 62, AHT 62 behaved quite differently from Trp 62 on pH-titration of the 13C-label. These results suggest that a conformational change around Trp 62 is induced upon ionization of the catalytic residue and that the structural flexibility of the side chain of this aromatic residue in the substrate binding site is closely related to the function of lysozyme.

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Catalysis
Chromatography
Egg Whites
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Leftose
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Oxidation-Reduction
PMS-Tryptophan

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