Size and demography pattern of the domestic dog population in Bhutan: Implications for dog population management and disease control

Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Karma RinzinIan Robertson

Abstract

Understanding the demography of domestic dogs is essential to plan the dog population management and rabies control program. In this study, we estimated the owned and stray dog population and the proportion of owned dogs that are free-roaming in Bhutan. For this, a cross-sectional household surveys were conducted in six districts (both urban and rural areas) and two border towns in southern Bhutan. The population estimation was done by extrapolation of the mean number of dogs per household and dogs per person, whilst mark-resight survey was conducted to estimate the proportion of owned dogs that were free-roaming. A total of 1,301 (rural:585; urban:716) respondents (one per household) were interviewed of which 173 households (24.4%) in urban areas owned 237 dogs whilst 238 households (40.8%) in rural areas owned 353 dogs. The mean number of dogs per dog owning household was estimated to be 1.44 (urban:1.37 dogs; rural:1.48 dogs) and dogs per household was estimated to be 0.45 (urban:0.33; rural:0.60). The dog: human ratio was 1:16.30 (0.06 dogs per person) in urban areas and 1:8.43 (0.12 dogs per person) in rural areas. The total owned dog population based on the mean number of dogs per household and dogs per person were estima...Continue Reading

References

Sep 25, 2002·Microbes and Infection·Ian D Robertson, R C Thompson
May 26, 2004·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·Maricela Flores-Ibarra, Gabriel Estrella-Valenzuela
Sep 30, 2004·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·Wandee KongkaewAnyarat Thiptara
Oct 30, 2004·American Journal of Public Health·Katherine A FeldmanMichele T Jay
May 29, 2007·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Sarah CleavelandCraig Packer
Apr 1, 2008·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·Margaret R SlaterStefania Del Papa
Aug 27, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J ZinsstagJ Hattendorf
Dec 2, 2011·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases· TenzinMichael P Ward
Jan 3, 2012·International Journal of Surgery·Richard A GosselinPakhila Drukpa
Jun 20, 2013·BMC Veterinary Research·Martin J DownesMarnie L Brennan

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jun 18, 2016·Transboundary and Emerging Diseases·S SchildeckerR M Wallace
Dec 7, 2019·Primates; Journal of Primatology·Phuntsho ThinleyNamgay Dorji
Mar 27, 2020·Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease·Andrew D GibsonMichael J Day
Oct 4, 2018·Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science : JAAWS·Krishna Prasad AcharyaR Trevor Wilson
Aug 9, 2020·Frontiers in Veterinary Science·Sangay RinchenSusan Cork
Jan 13, 2018·Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science : JAAWS·Adrianna NimerRussell Benford
Sep 13, 2018·Veterinary Sciences·Maganga SamboPaul C D Johnson
May 15, 2020·BMC Veterinary Research·Tshering DorjiMichel de Garine-Wichatitsky
Dec 12, 2020·BMC Veterinary Research·Endrias Zewdu GebremedhinLencho Megersa Marami
Apr 4, 2021·Pathogens·Puspa M SharmaPeter Deplazes
Apr 4, 2021·Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease·Lungten LungtenMichel de Garine-Wichatitsky

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.