Nov 19, 2019

Size Matters: Arginine-Derived Peptides Targeting the PSMA Receptor Can Efficiently Complex but Not Transfect siRNA

Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Christopher N CultraraDavid Sabatino


Oligoarginine sequences conjugated to a short cancer-targeting peptide (CTP) selective for the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) receptor was developed for selective small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery to a human metastatic/castration-resistant prostate cancer (PCa) cell line, which expresses PSMA on the surface. The PSMA-Rn (n = 6 and 9) peptides were synthesized by solid-phase peptide synthesis, characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and condensed with glucose-regulated protein (GRP)-silencing siRNAs. Native gels showed formation of stable CTP:siRNA ionic complexes. Furthermore, siRNA release was effected by heparin competition, supporting the peptides' capabilities to act as condensing and releasing agents. However, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies revealed large anionic complexes that were prone to aggregation and limited cell uptake for RNAi activity. Taken together, these data support the notion that the development of efficient peptide-based siRNA delivery systems is in part contingent on the formulation of discrete nanoparticles that can effectively condense and release siRNA in cells.

  • References
  • Citations1


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations1


Mentioned in this Paper

RNA, Small Interfering
Cholesteryl oligoarginine
Regulation of Gene Silencing
Glutamate carboxypeptidase II, human
Pharmacologic Substance
Protein Aggregation, Pathological
Positive Regulation of RNA Interference
Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved