Skeletal muscle atrophy-induced hemopexin accelerates onset of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease.

Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Tsukasa Nagase, Chihiro Tohda

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an unmet medical need worldwide, and physical inactivity is a risk factor for AD. Performing physical exercise is difficult at old age, and thus, decline in physical movement may be a cause of age-associated lowering of the brain function. This study aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanism and onset of the skeletal muscle atrophy-induced acceleration of AD. Pre-symptomatic young 5XFAD or non-transgenic wildtype mice were used. The bilateral hindlimbs were immobilized by placing them in casts for 14 days. Cognitive function was evaluated using the object recognition and spatial memory tests. Further, the hindlimb muscles were isolated for organ culture. Conditioned media (CM) of each muscle was separated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE). Protein expressions in the CM were analysed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis. The expression levels of candidate proteins were quantified using ELISA. After continuous intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of recombinant hemopexin, cognitive function was evaluated. Gene microarray analysis of the hippocampus was performed to investigate the molecules involved in the accelerat...Continue Reading

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