Oct 5, 2001

Skeletal muscle fibers express major histocompatibility complex class II antigens independently of inflammatory infiltrates in inflammatory myopathies

The American Journal of Pathology
P EnglundIngrid E Lundberg

Abstract

The aim of our study was to address the question of whether muscle fibers express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II in inflammatory myopathies. For this purpose we performed a systematic study of MHC class II antigen expression on muscle fiber membranes in muscle tissue from polymyositis and dermatomyositis patients in various stages of disease activity. Thirty-two patients with classical clinical signs of myositis were divided into subgroups depending on duration of clinical signs of myositis and presence or absence of inflammatory infiltrates in muscle tissue. Immunohistochemistry as well as double-immunofluorescence stainings were used to identify the presence of MHC class II in muscle tissue. MHC class I was included for comparison. Quantification of positive staining was performed using an image analysis system in addition to evaluation by manual microscopic scoring and laser confocal microscopy. It was demonstrated that a significant proportion of skeletal muscle fibers in inflammatory myopathies express MHC class II as well as MHC class I and that MHC antigen expression is independent of the inflammatory cell infiltration. Furthermore, there were no differences in staining pattern between polymyositis and d...Continue Reading

  • References34
  • Citations69

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

IgG2a Antibody
Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
IgG-2a
Human Class I Antigens
Pathogenic Aspects
Immunofluorescence Assay
Dermatomyositis, Childhood Type
Alb
T-Lymphocyte
Tissue Membrane

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.