Oct 6, 2014

FLOWERING LOCUS T4 (HvFT4) delays flowering and decreases floret fertility in barley

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Danny A BittonJurg Bahler

Abstract

FLOWERING LOCUS T-like genes (FT-like) control the photoperiodic regulation of flowering in many angiosperm plants. The family of FT-like genes is characterised by extensive gene duplication and subsequent diversification of FT functions which occurred independently in modern angiosperm lineages. In barley, there are 12 known FT-like genes (HvFT) but the function of most of them remains uncharacterised. This study aimed to characterise the role of HvFT4 in flowering time control and development in barley. The overexpression of HvFT4 in the spring cultivar Golden Promise delayed flowering time under long-day conditions. Microscopic dissection of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) revealed that overexpression of HvFT4 specifically delayed spikelet initiation and reduced the number of spikelet primordia and grains per spike. Furthermore, ectopic overexpression of HvFT4 was associated with floret abortion and with the downregulation of the barley MADS-box genes VRN-H1, HvBM3 and HvBM8 which promote floral development. This suggests that HvFT4 functions as a repressor of reproductive development in barley. Unraveling the genetic basis of FT-like genes can contribute to the identification of novel breeding targets to modify reproductive...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Exosomes
Study
Exons
Transcription, Genetic
Mutant Proteins
Dhp1protein, S pombe
Cell Differentiation Process
Proteome
RNA Processing
Down-Regulation

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