Nov 13, 2013

Sleep duration is affected by social relationships among sleeping partners in wild Japanese macaques

Behavioural Processes
Koji Mochida, Mari Nishikawa


Co-sleeping behaviour, such as sharing a sleeping site or bed, should play an important role in determining sleep structure in mammals by mitigating predation pressure and harsh abiotic conditions during sleep. Although environmental factors surrounding sleeping sites have been studied, there is very little information on the effects of the social environment within the site on sleep in animals other than humans. Here, we quantified the duration of nighttime sleep of wild primates during behavioural observations. Wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata yakui) form clusters at sleeping sites, where they huddle with group members. Macaques slept for longer when huddled in sleeping clusters with natal members than in those with non-natal members. A high degree of synchronisation of wakefulness in pairs of macaques huddling in non-natal clusters suggested that their sleep was often interrupted by the wakefulness of huddling members at night. Our results suggest that familiarity and closeness to huddling partners influence sleep duration.

  • References8
  • Citations2


  • References8
  • Citations2


Mentioned in this Paper

Sleep, Slow-Wave
Seasonal Variation
Harassment, Non-Sexual
Limb Structure
Macaca fuscata
Refractive Errors
Exogenous Factors
Anxiety Disorders

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