Aug 12, 2014

Sleep electroencephalographic characteristics of the Cynomolgus monkey measured by telemetry

Journal of Sleep Research
Adeline RachalskiValérie Mongrain

Abstract

Cynomolgus monkeys are widely used as models of diseases and in pre-clinical studies to assess the impact of new pharmacotherapies on brain function and behaviour. However, the time course of electroencephalographic delta activity during sleep, which represents the main marker of sleep intensity associated with recovery during sleep, has never been described in this non-human primate. In this study, telemetry implants were used to record one spontaneous 24-h sleep-wake cycle in four freely-moving Cynomolgus monkeys, and to quantify the time course of electroencephalographic activity during sleep using spectral analysis. Animals presented a diurnal activity pattern interrupted by short naps. During the dark period, most of the time was spent in sleep with non-rapid eye movement sleep/rapid eye movement sleep alternations and sleep consolidation profiles intermediate between rodents and humans. Deep non-rapid eye movement sleep showed a typical predominance at the beginning of the night with decreased propensity in the course of the night, which was accompanied by a progressive increase in rapid eye movement sleep duration. Spectral profiles showed characteristic changes between vigilance states as reported in other mammalian spe...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Sleep, Slow-Wave
Darkness
N-(4-aminophenethyl)spiroperidol
Light
Primates
Brain Function
Macaca fascicularis
Sleep, REM
Genetic Translation Process
Rodent

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