May 17, 2008

Sleeping outside the box: electroencephalographic measures of sleep in sloths inhabiting a rainforest

Biology Letters
Niels C RattenborgMartin Wikelski

Abstract

The functions of sleep remain an unresolved question in biology. One approach to revealing sleep's purpose is to identify traits that explain why some species sleep more than others. Recent comparative studies of sleep have identified relationships between various physiological, neuroanatomical and ecological traits, and the time mammals spend in rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM sleep. However, owing to technological constraints, these studies were based exclusively on animals in captivity. Consequently, it is unclear to what extent the unnatural laboratory environment affected time spent sleeping, and thereby the identification and interpretation of informative clues to the functions of sleep. We performed the first electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings of sleep on unrestricted animals in the wild using a recently developed miniaturized EEG recorder, and found that brown-throated three-toed sloths (Bradypus variegatus) inhabiting the canopy of a tropical rainforest only sleep 9.63 h d(-1), over 6 h less than previously reported in captivity. Although the influence of factors such as the age of the animals studied cannot be ruled out, our results suggest that sleep in the wild may be markedly different from that in captivit...Continue Reading

  • References14
  • Citations48

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Behavior, Animal
Electroencephalography
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Tropical Climate
Sloths
Sleep, REM
Bradypus variegatus
EAF2 gene
Rapid Eye Movement
Electroencephalogram

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