Apr 20, 2020

Reprogramming acetogenic bacteria with CRISPR-targeted base editing via deamination

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Peng-Fei XiaB. Molitor

Abstract

Acetogenic bacteria are rising in popularity as chassis microbes in biotechnology due to their capability of converting inorganic one-carbon (C1) gases to organic chemicals. To fully uncover the potential of acetogenic bacteria, synthetic-biology tools are imperative to either engineer designed functions or to interrogate the physiology. Here, we report a genome-editing tool at a one-nucleotide resolution, namely base editing, for acetogenic bacteria based on CRISPR-targeted deamination. This tool combines nuclease deactivated Cas9 with activation-induced cytidine deaminase to enable cytosine-to-thymine substitution without DNA cleavage, homology-directed repair, and donor DNA, which are generally the bottlenecks for applying conventional CRISPR-Cas systems in bacteria. We designed and validated a modularized base-editing tool in the model acetogenic bacterium Clostridium ljungdahlii. The editing principles were investigated, and an in-silico analysis revealed the capability of base editing across the genome. Moreover, genes related to acetate and ethanol production were disrupted individually by installing premature STOP codons to reprogram carbon flux towards improved acetate production. This resulted in engineered C. ljungda...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Single-Cell Analysis
Lung
Genes
Nonlinear Dynamics
Gene Expression
Neural Stem Cells
Mouse Lung
Loop
Location
Simulation

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