PMID: 36326Aug 1, 1979

Small bowel absorption of sulfasalazine and its hepatic metabolism in human beings, cats, and rats

Gastroenterology
K M DasJ W Fara

Abstract

To elucidate the role of the small bowel and liver in sulfasalazine (SASP) metabolism, we performed studies in patients, cats, and rats. The role of the small bowel in absorption and metabolism of SASP was determined by the amount of administered SASP excreted in ileostomy effluents, and the concentration of serum and urinary SASP and its metabolites, sulfapyridine and 5-amino salicylic acid. Seventy-five to ninety percent of the drug was excreted in ileostomy effluents of 6 patients as SASP, and only 5% of the dose was sulfapyridine. In cats, ileostomy and portal venous cannulations revealed that 20--30% of administered SASP is absorbed from the small bowel without being metabolized. The role of the liver in SASP metabolism was established in vivo and in vitro. SASP metabolites were measured in bile, serum, and urine of 2 patients with a choledochal T-tube and in serum and bile in six cats and four rats. Twenty to fifty percent of the absorbed drug was excreted in bile as SASP and no detectable sulfapyridine appeared in the bile. SASP concentration in peripheral blood and urine ranged between 3 and 12 microgram/ml, and no significant amount of sulfapyridine metabolites were detected in the bile, serum, or urine of animals with...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
IIeocolitis
Urine
Body Parts - Ileostomy
Peripheral Blood
Small Intestinal Wall Tissue
Oxidase
Sulfasalazin medac
Hypertension, Portal
Entire Small Intestine

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