Oct 31, 2019

Small cell carcinoma of the bladder: the characteristics of molecular alterations, treatment, and follow-up

Medical Oncology
Yanling WangDa Li

Abstract

Small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) is a rare disease associated with high invasiveness and mortality. Histologically, SCCB is difficult to distinguish from small cell lung cancer (SCLC); however, it shares more similar molecular alterations with urothelial carcinoma (UC). As a result, now, the widely accepted theory about the cells of origin is that SCCB and UC probably have a common clone origin. Even the former probably comes from a preexisting UC. At present, given its rarity, early diagnoses, treatments, and follow-ups are not well established, which are vital to patients with SCCB. Inspirationally, in recent years, with the development of molecular diagnostic methods, molecular alterations of SCCB have been understood partially, which are propitious to excavate new potential therapeutic strategies and establish sound follow-ups. Therefore, the future will be light for patients with SCCB.

  • References69
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Follow-up
Urothelial Carcinoma
Clone
Molecular Diagnostic Testing
Urinary Bladder
Tumor Markers
Tumor Markers
Tumor Markers
Tumor Markers
Tumor Markers

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.