Small differences in intraischemic brain temperature critically determine the extent of ischemic neuronal injury

Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
R BustoM D Ginsberg

Abstract

We have tested whether small intraischemic variations in brain temperature influence the outcome of transient ischemia. To measure brain temperature, a thermocouple probe was placed stereotaxically into the left dorsolateral striatum of rats prior to 20 min of four-vessel occlusion. Rectal temperature was maintained at 36-37 degrees C by a heating lamp, and striatal temperature prior to ischemia was 36 degrees C in all animals. Six animal subgroups were investigated, including rats whose intraischemic striatal brain temperature was not regulated, or was maintained at 33, 34, 36, or 39 degrees C. Postischemic brain temperature was regulated at 36 degrees C, except for one group in which brain temperature was lowered from 36 degrees C to 33 degrees C during the first hour of recirculation. Energy metabolites were measured at the end of the ischemic insult, and histopathological evaluation was carried out at 3 days after ischemia. Intraischemic variations in brain temperature had no significant influence on energy metabolite levels measured at the conclusion of ischemia: Severe depletion of brain ATP, phosphocreatine, glucose, and glycogen and elevation of lactate were observed to a similar degree in all experimental groups. The h...Continue Reading

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