Small mammals as hosts of Leishmania spp. in a highly endemic area for zoonotic leishmaniasis in North-Eastern Brazil

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Bruna S LimaSinval P Brandão-Filho

Abstract

Leishmania parasites cause leishmaniasis in humans and animals worldwide. These parasites are transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies, which become infected upon feeding on an infected mammalian host. We assessed the occurrence of Leishmania infection in small mammals in an area of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis endemicity. A total of 180 small mammals were trapped in 2003 and 2006 in a rural area in north-eastern Brazil. Spleen and skin samples from these animals were assessed by two PCR protocols, one targeting Leishmania (Viannia) spp. and other Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum. Additionally, serum samples were tested by an immunochromatographic test with rK39 as antigen. Overall, 23.2% (38/164) of the animals were positive to L. (V.) spp. and 8.8% (14/160) to L. (L.) infantum). Five animals of four species (Didelphis albiventris, Nectomys squamipes, Rattus rattus and Holochilus sciureus) were positive by both PCR protocols, an overall co-infection rate of 2.5%. By serology, 5% (7/139) of the animals were positive, but all of them were PCR-negative. An isolate obtained from a water rat (N. squamipes) was characterized as L. (V.) braziliensis (zymodeme Z-74). This study reinforces the involvement of different small mamma...Continue Reading

References

Nov 1, 1989·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·J J ShawR Lainson
Oct 1, 1984·Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz·I A SherlockG Grimaldi Júnior
Mar 1, 1994·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·E CupolilloH Momen
Jan 22, 1998·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·M NishimuraM Yoshimura
Oct 9, 1998·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·M J Mackinnon, I M Hastings
Jul 2, 2004·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Sinval P Brandão-FilhoJeffrey J Shaw
Nov 23, 2006·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Filipe Dantas-Torres, Sinval P Brandão-Filho
Oct 25, 2008·Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz·Patrícia Batista Barra Medeiros BarbosaMaria de Fátima Freire de Melo Ximenes
Oct 20, 2009·Parasitology·R J Quinnell, O Courtenay
Mar 17, 2010·Veterinary Parasitology·Filipe Dantas-TorresSinval P Brandão-Filho
Jun 23, 2010·Experimental Parasitology·Amir Ahmad AkhavanMohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi
Sep 6, 2011·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Patrícia F QuaresmaCélia M F Ferreira Gontijo
Sep 20, 2011·Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases·Tatiana Pádua Tavares de FreitasValéria Régia Franco Sousa
Mar 1, 2012·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Vanessa Cristina Fitipaldi Veloso GuimarãesSinval Pinto Brandão Filho
Jul 28, 2012·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Maria Edileuza Felinto de BritoSinval Pinto Brandão-Filho
Sep 22, 2012·Trends in Parasitology·Filipe Dantas-TorresDomenico Otranto

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Apr 19, 2015·Parasites & Vectors·Rebecca Martins CardosoRodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
Jun 29, 2014·ELife·David M PigottSimon I Hay
Nov 27, 2014·International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife·André Luiz R Roque, Ana Maria Jansen
Oct 4, 2016·Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians·Edson Moura SilvaWagnner José Nascimento Porto
Feb 9, 2017·Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinária = Brazilian journal of veterinary parasitology : Órgão Oficial do Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária·Eloiza Teles CaldartItalmar Teodorico Navarro
Feb 28, 2017·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Filipe Dantas-TorresSinval Pinto Brandão-Filho
Oct 3, 2019·Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinária = Brazilian journal of veterinary parasitology : Órgão Oficial do Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária·Jonatas Abinadabe Oliveira SilvaGílcia Aparecida de Carvalho
Oct 23, 2018·Journal of Parasitology Research·Dawit Gebremichael TedlaHagos Hadgu Abreha
Mar 27, 2019·Parasites & Vectors·Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva SalesFilipe Dantas-Torres
Dec 29, 2017·PloS One·Gabriel Barbosa TonelliJosé Dilermando Andrade Filho
Apr 22, 2020·Parasites & Vectors·Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva SalesFilipe Dantas-Torres
Apr 1, 2021·Parasitology Research·Marcos Antônio Bezerra-SantosDomenico Otranto
Jun 3, 2021·Microorganisms·Iris Azami-ConesaRafael Alberto Martínez-Díaz

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts