Smoking increases peptidylarginine deiminase 2 enzyme expression in human lungs and increases citrullination in BAL cells
A gene-environment interaction between HLA-DR shared epitope genes and smoking in anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody-positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been reported. Identification of citrullinated proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells from smokers has led to the s...read more
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Structure of Respiratory Epithelium
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