PMID: 665317Jan 1, 1978Paper

Smoking, lung function, physical performance and latent coronary heart disease in presumably healthy middle-aged men

Acta Medica Scandinavica
J Erikssen, S C Enger

Abstract

During a cardiovascular survey comprising 2014 presumably healthy men aged 40-59 years, latent (previously undetected) coronary heart disease (CHD), lung function and physical performance were related to differences in smoking habits. The survey examination classified 1 832 individuals as "normals" (without clinical signs/symptoms of CHD). Among the others, a strong supicion of CHD was found in 115, of whom 105 had diagnostic coronary angiography. No angiography was performed in another 35 individuals with slight, albeit typical angina pectoris. The remaining 42 men were excluded from this presentation for various reasons. The following findings were obtained: 1) in the 69 men with positive coronary angiography, the extent of coronary atheromatosis was positively related to the number of cigarettes smoked. 2) The smoking habits of the 35 individuals with slight angina pectoris but no angiography did not differ from those of the "normals". 3) Physical performance during a near maximal bicycle exercise test and lung function according to spirometry were strongly and negatively related to smoking (in "normals"). 4) Previous smokers and never-smokers among "normals" had almost identical lung function and physical performance.

References

May 1, 1976·Annals of Internal Medicine·J H Medalie, U Goldbourt
Jan 1, 1978·Acta Medica Scandinavica·J Erikssen, S C Enger
May 1, 1977·Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation·J Erikssen, S Skrede
Jun 1, 1975·Annals of Internal Medicine·F AshleyR Masson
Aug 30, 1975·British Medical Journal·N HickeyK Wilson-Davis
Nov 2, 1974·British Medical Journal·M F Oliver
Nov 1, 1974·Postgraduate Medicine·R Sherwin
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Oct 1, 1973·Postgraduate Medical Journal·P Astrup
Oct 1, 1968·The Transactions of the Society of Occupational Medicine·T W Meade
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May 1, 1967·Journal of Atherosclerosis Research·P AstrupJ Wanstrup
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Related Concepts

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Coronary Heart Disease
Forced Expiratory Volume Function
Pulse Rate
Physical Fitness
Respiration
Cigar smoker
Vital Capacity

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