Jul 1, 1977

Smooth muscle sensitization induced by colchicine: is it an in vitro property of antitubulin agents?

Agents and Actions
J P FamaeyJ Reuse

Abstract

Colchicine 0.1 microgram/ml induces a reversible increase of guinea-pig isolated ileum contractions (50 to 60% of maximal contractions) to acetylcholine, nicotine and PGE2. At 1 microgram/ml, it induces an irreversible increase of similar contractions to acetylcholine and 5-hydroxytryptamine. Low concentrations of indomethacin are able to reduce or even to abolish this increase. This smooth muscle sensitization could be related to the ability of colchicine to stimulate prostaglandin biosynthesis. Vinblastine has been described to induce a similar in vitro sensitization of guinea-pig isolated ileum. This effect might be also a non-specific property of antitubulin agents. The relationships between such an in vitro sensitization and the clinical effects of colchicine, including diarrhea, remain unclear.

  • References10
  • Citations2

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Osmosin
Ileum
Smooth Muscle
Neoglycoproteins
Tubulin Promoters
Drug Interactions
Inotropism
Colchicine, (R)-Isomer
In Vitro [Publication Type]
Metazoa

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.