Social, economic, and environmental factors influencing the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 across countries.

PloS One
Jude Dzevela KongS. Gignoux-Wolfsohn


To assess whether the basic reproduction number (R0) of COVID-19 is different across countries and what national-level demographic, social, and environmental factors other than interventions characterize initial vulnerability to the virus. We fit logistic growth curves to reported daily case numbers, up to the first epidemic peak, for 58 countries for which 16 explanatory covariates are available. This fitting has been shown to robustly estimate R0 from the specified period. We then use a generalized additive model (GAM) to discern both linear and nonlinear effects, and include 5 random effect covariates to account for potential differences in testing and reporting that can bias the estimated R0. We found that the mean R0 is 1.70 (S.D. 0.57), with a range between 1.10 (Ghana) and 3.52 (South Korea). We identified four factors-population between 20-34 years old (youth), population residing in urban agglomerates over 1 million (city), social media use to organize offline action (social media), and GINI income inequality-as having strong relationships with R0, across countries. An intermediate level of youth and GINI inequality are associated with high R0, (n-shape relationships), while high city population and high social media u...Continue Reading


May 4, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·J Wallinga, M Lipsitch
Nov 26, 2013·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·Junling MaDavid J D Earn
Dec 18, 2013·American Journal of Public Health·Benjamin RidenhourDavid K Shay
Mar 29, 2018·Science·Soroush VosoughiSinan Aral
Jan 30, 2020·The New England Journal of Medicine·Qun LiZijian Feng
Feb 3, 2020·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·Shi ZhaoMaggie H Wang
Apr 3, 2020·Euro Surveillance : Bulletin Européen Sur Les Maladies Transmissibles = European Communicable Disease Bulletin·Timothy W RussellAdam J Kucharski
Apr 5, 2020·Journal of Clinical Medicine·Minah ParkBorame L Dickens
Apr 8, 2020·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Steven SancheRuian Ke
Apr 10, 2020·CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De L'Association Medicale Canadienne·Ashleigh R TuiteAmy L Greer
Apr 10, 2020·The European Respiratory Journal·Ye YaoWeibing Wang
Apr 14, 2020·The Journal of Infection·Antonio FronteraGiovanni Sgubin
Apr 18, 2020·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jennifer Beam DowdMelinda C Mills
May 1, 2020·The Science of the Total Environment·Marcos Felipe Falcão SobralAndré de Souza Melo
May 2, 2020·Nature Human Behaviour·Jay J Van BavelRobb Willer
May 8, 2020·Biology·Jacques DemongeotHervé Seligmann
May 11, 2020·Environmental Pollution·Daniele Fattorini, Francesco Regoli
May 12, 2020·Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology : the Official Journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America·Ying JiangYan-Jun Guan
Jun 6, 2020·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·He LiYan-Jun Guan
Jun 11, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Atin Adhikari, Jingjing Yin
Jun 18, 2020·Nature Medicine·Nicholas G DaviesRosalind M Eggo
Jun 26, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Silvia ComunianPaola Palestini
Jun 26, 2020·Journal of General Internal Medicine·Carlos Irwin A OronceYusuke Tsugawa
Jul 4, 2020·Clinical and Molecular Allergy : CMA·Sebastiano GangemiAlessandro Tonacci
Jul 4, 2020·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·J Sooknanan, D M G Comissiong
Jul 7, 2020·The Lancet Infectious Diseases·Eskild PetersenLone Simonsen
Jul 23, 2020·American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology·Baoming WangBrian G Oliver
Aug 14, 2020·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Md Saiful IslamHolly Seale
Aug 31, 2020·Environmental Science & Policy·Syed Emdadul Haque, Mosiur Rahman
Sep 9, 2020·International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health·Jia-Te WeiUNKNOWN Cheeloo EcoHealth Consortium (CLEC)
Oct 2, 2020·MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report·Tegan K BoehmerAdi V Gundlapalli
Oct 23, 2020·BMC Medicine·Timothy W RussellUNKNOWN CMMID COVID-19 working group

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

rworldmap ’
package ‘

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Emerging Infectious Diseases
Paul L DelamaterKathryn H Jacobsen
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kareem Ibrahim, Bryan M Burt
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health = Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
Yousef AlimohamadiMojtaba Sepandi
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Jing LiRobert J Smith
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved