Society of Family Planning clinical recommendations: Management of individuals with bleeding or thrombotic disorders undergoing abortion.

Contraception
Jessica K LeeCarolyn Sufrin

Abstract

Individuals who have bleeding disorders, thrombophilias, a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE), or who are taking anticoagulation medication for other reasons may present for abortion. Clinicians should be aware of risk factors and histories concerning for excessive bleeding and thrombotic disorders around the time of abortion. This document will focus on how to approach abortion planning in these individuals. For first-trimester abortion, procedural abortion (sometimes called surgical abortion) is generally preferred over medical management for individuals with bleeding disorders or who are on anticoagulation. First-trimester procedural abortion in an individual on anticoagulation can generally be done without interruption of anticoagulation. The decision to interrupt anticoagulation for a second-trimester procedure should be individualized. Individuals at high risk for VTE can be offered anticoagulation post-procedure. Individuals with bleeding disorders or who are anticoagulated can safely be offered progestin intrauterine devices. Future research is needed to better assess quantitative blood loss and complications rates with abortion in these populations.

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