Apr 21, 2020

Agonist-induced Functional Analysis and Cell Sorting, a novel tool to select and analyze neurons: Fragile X as a proof of concept.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. CastagnolaT. Maurin

Abstract

To get a better insight into the dynamic interaction between cells and their environment, we developed the agonist-induced Functional Analysis and Cell Sorting (aiFACS) technique, which allows the simultaneous recording and sorting of cells in real-time according to their immediate and individual response to a stimulus. By modulating the aiFACS selection parameters, testing different developmental times, using various stimuli and multiplying the analysis of readouts, it is possible to analyze cell populations of any tissue, including tumors. The association of aiFACS to single-cell transcriptomic allows to build a tissue cartography based on specific functional response/s of cells. As proof of concept, we used aiFACS on the dissociated mouse brain, a highly heterogenous tissue, enriching it in interneurons upon stimulation with an agonist of the glutamate receptors and upon sorting based on calcium levels. Further single-cell RNA-seq of these aiFACS-selected interneurons resulted in a nine-cluster classification. Furthermore, we used aiFACS on interneurons derived from the brain of the Fmr1-KO mouse, a rodent model of Fragile X syndrome. We show here that these interneurons manifest a generalized defective pharmacological respo...Continue Reading

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