PMID: 37236Jul 1, 1979

Solubilization and properties of a particulate hydrogenase from Methanobacterium strain G2R

Journal of Bacteriology
R C McKellar, G D Sprott


Mechanical disruption of cells of Methanobacterium strain G2R resulted in a 78-fold increase in the specific activity of the hydrogenase as measured by the benzyl viologen reduction assay. Approximately 50% of the activity in disrupted cells was associated with the particulate fraction. Between 69 and 85% of the particulate hydrogenase was released by treatment with the detergents Triton X-100, deoxycholate, and octyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside. The relative electrophoretic mobilities of the soluble hydrogenases were identical, indicating that G2R possessed a single electrophoretically distinct hydrogenase. The particulate enzyme was inactivated by oxygen and could be reactivated with dithionite or glucose plus glucose oxidase. The enzyme had a pH optimum of 8.5 and resisted heating at 52 but not 77 degrees C. A number of nonspecific dyes, flavin adenine dinucleotide, and riboflavin 5'-phosphate were effective electron acceptors; oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, and factor 420 were apparently not reduced. Hydrogenase activity was inhibited by p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, cyanide, chloroform, and chloramphenicol. The molecular weight of the solubilized enzyme was 900,000, with sub...Continue Reading

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