Aug 14, 1996

Solvent Cage Effects in Organocobalt Corrinoid Chemistry: Thermal Homolysis of alpha- and beta-(Cyanomethyl)cobinamides(1)

Inorganic Chemistry
Kenneth L Brown, Lanxin Zhou


The equilibrium constant for the thermal isomerization of the diastereomeric alpha- and beta-(cyanomethyl)cobinamides (NCCH(2)Cbi(+)'s) has been measured over the temperature range 70-95 degrees C. Although the beta diastereomer is the thermodynamically more stable isomer, it is favored by the entropy change, but disfavored by the enthalpy change. In the presence of >/=5 x 10(-)(3) M concentration of the radical trap 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidinyloxy (4-HTEMPO), thermolysis of either isomer leads to cob(II)inamide and the trapped NCCH(2)(*) radical (NCCH(2)-4-HTEMPO) in high yield and no isomerization can be detected. The kinetics of the 4-HTEMPO-trapped thermal homolysis of alpha- and beta-NCCH(2)Cbi(+) have been studied in anaerobic glycerol/water mixtures of varying viscosity. The observed first-order rate constants for thermolysis show the expected inverse dependence on viscosity indicating that the process is at least partially diffusion controlled. From these data, the primary rate constant, k(1), for carbon-cobalt bond homolysis and the ratio of the rate constants for in-cage recombination and diffusional separation (k(c)/k(d)) can be extracted. The enthalpies of activation for Co-C bond homolysis are identica...Continue Reading

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