PMID: 40117Jan 1, 1979

Somatic cell fusion in the study of glucocorticoid action

Monographs on Endocrinology
U Gehring, E B Thompson

Abstract

The basic phenomena of cell fusion and hybrid cell formation are briefly described and the potential of somatic cell hybridization in studies on the expression of differentiated cellular functions is discussed. The technique of cell hybridization has been applied to two types of cellular responses to glucocorticoids. The induction of specific proteins has been investigated in hybrids of inducible cells with uninducible cells. Most studies dealt with the liver-specific enzyme tyrosine aminotransferase, whose inducibility was extinguished in the majority of the hybrids between hepatoma and nonliver cells. However, upon chromosome segregation, inducibility reappeared in some of these hybrid cells. The current ideas about cellular control of inducibility are discussed. The other major glucocorticoid-responsive system investigated in cell hybridization studies consists of lymphoid cells which are killed when exposed to the steroid. Such sensitive cells were hybridized with several types of glucocorticoid-resistant lymphoid lines, and sensitivity was found to be dominant over resistence. Hybrids between sensitive and resistant lymphoid cells, however, showed an increase in the frequency at which resistance occurred as compared to the...Continue Reading

Citations

Nov 1, 1980·Somatic Cell Genetics·E BergerC Wyss

Related Concepts

Cell Fusion Procedure
Chromosomes
Oradexon
Enzyme Induction
Glucocorticoid Effect
Hybrid Cells
L Cells (Cell Line)
Glucocorticoid Receptor
Tyrosine Aminotransferase

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