PMID: 109516May 1, 1979

Somatic cell hybrids of mouse myeloma cells and B lymphocytes from a patient with agammaglobulinemia: failure to secrete human immunoglobulin

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
J Schwaber, F S Rosen

Abstract

Somatic cell hybrid clones were isolated from the fusion of RPC5.4 mouse myeloma cells and B lymphocytes from a patient with common varied agammaglobuinemia. The patient has B lymphocytes that synthesize immunoglobulin but fail to secrete immunoglobulin. The hybrid character of the six clones was established by examination of metaphase chromosome spreads. Most of the hybrid clones expressed mouse and human surface immunoglobulin. All of the clones synthesized immunoglobulin of mouse and human parental origin. Mouse parental immunoglobulin was secreted, whereas the human parental immunoglobulin was not secreted. Human light chain molecules were secreted as part of hybrid H2L2 molecules formed with mouse heavy chains. Human heavy chains had a reduced m.w. in comparison to the mouse heavy chains. Kinetic experiments indicated that human Ig was synthesized in amounts that were comparable to the mouse Ig. Pulse-chase experiments showed that that the intracellular human Ig was removed from the cytoplasm, probably by degradation. These experiments demonstrate that the hybrid cells are an in vitro model of naturally occurring failure of immunoglobulin secretion from agammaglobulinemia. The failure of fusion with mouse myeloma cells to ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Hypogammaglobulinemia
B-Lymphocytes
Clone Cells
Hybrid Cells
Immunoglobulins
Gamma-2b-Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain
Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Subgroup VH-III
Immunoglobulin Light Chains
Plasmacytoma
Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell

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