PMID: 8822386Jan 1, 1995Paper

Somatic treatment of catatonia

International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
J M HawkinsP E Keck

Abstract

The authors reviewed the recent literature regarding the treatment of catatonia as a syndrome of multiple etiologies. Given the historical and clinical association of catatonia with schizophrenia, the authors' examined the assumption that the first-line treatment of catatonia is antipsychotic medication. Articles published between January 1, 1985 and December 31, 1994 were located using the Paperchase medical literature search system. Additionally, references from those identified articles were examined for possible inclusion in this review. To be included in this review, articles had to be written in English and report specific symptoms of catatonia to determine, retrospectively, if DSM-IV criteria for catatonia were met. Seventy publications met inclusion criteria and reported on a total of 178 patients and included 270 separate treatment episodes. Most of the articles were case-reports, although a few case-series were identified. Multiple causes of catatonia were identified in these reports. The most commonly reported treatment for catatonia was with benzodiazepines which were effective in 70 percent of the cases, with lorazepam demonstrating the highest frequency of use and a 79 percent complete response rate. Electroconvul...Continue Reading

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